A direct contest means a pleading filed with the court by a beneficiary that alleges the invalidity of a protected instrument or one or more of its terms on the basis of one or more of the following grounds (Prob C §21310(b)):
- Lack of due execution;
- Lack of capacity;
- Menace, duress, fraud, or undue influence;
- Revocation of a will under Prob C §6120, revocation of a trust under Prob C §15401, or revocation of an instrument other than a will or trust under the procedure for revocation that is provided by statute or by the instrument; or
- Disqualification of a beneficiary under Prob C §6112, §21350, or §21380.